Information on 5th Generation Systems

The aim of this webpage is to compile and make available accessible 5th Generation Information and ensure its accessibility to all interested stakeholders. All information is open source and links are provided to the source documents and articles. These can be sorted via the NATO ‘DOTMLPFI’ Capability Lines of Development (LoD). As this is a rapidly evolving area, contributions are welcome and can be submitted to the EAG Permanent Staff by mailing to
Document NameDocument DescriptionCategoryPublish Date
Resiliency in Space as a Combined Challenge for NATO JAPCC White Paper that aims at providing a reasoned compendium about the Space functional areas, and a threat assessment on them based on NATO operation types in the full spectrum of conflict. In particular, it includes the recent stage of NATO’s approved Space Support Coordination functionality, describes the role of the relevant NATO agencies and commercial providers, and discusses potential future roles of NATO to improve resiliency in a multinational approach. Based on the nations’ answers to the JAPCC questionnaire, disciplines such as education and training, internal organisation and staffing as well as exchange mechanisms are assessed in their effectiveness in improving overall resiliency in the Space Domain for NATO. Published June 21. Material VIEW 17 Jun 2021
Creating Cross-Domain Kill Webs in Real Time Explanation of ACK and STITCHES technologies, which improve interoperability between 5th and earlier generation weapon systems. STITCHES provides scalable interoperability between capabilities even if they were not designed to work together. Published Aug 2020. Interoperability VIEW 28 Apr 2021
NATO Joint All Domain Operations (JADO) JAPCC paper explaining that Joint All Domain Operations (JADO) is an evolution of the concept of Multi-Domain Operations (MDO). MDO highlighted the massive potential of a truly joint force, able to tap into capabilities across the entire spectrum of current and emerging systems available in our military services, but it has a few critical flaws. Published first quarter 2021. Interoperability VIEW 28 Apr 2021
2021 UK Defence Command Paper The Defence Command Paper sets out a mission to seek out and to understand future threats, and to invest in the capabilities to defeat them. It provides an honest assessment of what UK Defence can do and will do to be threat-focused, modernised, and financially sustainable, ready to confront future challenges, seize new opportunities for Global Britain and lay the foundations of a more secure and prosperous Union. Published by the UK Ministry of Defence, March 2021. Doctrine VIEW 2 Apr 2021
Combined Federated Battle Laboratories Network (CFBLNet) The CFBLNet is a laboratory environment which utilizes a distributed Wide Area Network (WAN) as the vehicle to experiment with new capabilities by conducting Research and Development, Trials and Assessment (RDT&A) Initiatives. The CFBLNet consists of a distributed and integrated network architecture of Combined, Joint, and Service infrastructure components (networks, database servers, application servers, client workstations, etc.). CFBLNet public website. Material VIEW 8 Oct 2020
Federated Mission Networking Federated Mission Networking is a capability aiming to support command and control and decision-making in future operations through improved information-sharing. NATO Topical information. Material VIEW 8 Oct 2020
Joint All-Domain Command and Control (JADC2) for Modern Warfare. In 2019, Air Combat Command Directorate of Plans, Programs and Requirements (A5/8/9) asked RAND Project AIR FORCE (PAF) to examine and recommend opportunities for applying artificial intelligence (AI) and, more broadly, automation to deliberate planning for joint all-domain command and control (JADC2). JADC2 as envisioned integrates the planning, tasking, and assessments of operations across the domains of space, information, cyber, air, land, and sea. RAND study published in 2020. Material VIEW 8 Oct 2020
The Implications of Fifth-Generation Aircraft for Transatlantic Airpower The Atlantic Council’s report—The Implications of Fifth- Generation Aircraft for Transatlantic Airpower—makes a compelling case that the next major battle will be won through the ability to integrate a wide range of sensors, computers, databases, and networks. The name of the game will be successful acquisition, exploitation, and movement of information, coupled with lethal firepower. By Secretary Deborah Lee James and Dr. Daniel Gouré. Material VIEW 2 Oct 2020
2020 USAF Chief of Staff Strategic Challenges – Accelerate Change or Lose Paper by General CHARLES Q. BROWN, JR., U.S. Air Force, Chief of Staff, which outlines why the USA Air Force must accelerate change in order to remain the most dominant and respected Air Force in the world. Leadership VIEW 24 Sep 2020
2020 French Air Force Connected Collaborative Air Combat paper Connected Collaborative air warfare will constitute one of the leverages that will trigger a control of neighboring air spaces. The very concept of collaborative air combat as it is presented here, encompasses the prospects of adjusting to guarantee an upper hand against potential enemies. Collaborative air combat is a form of combat within which the capacities of the constitutive weapon systems are mutually reinforced throughout the whole array of elementary functions of combat (detecting, classifying, decision-making, engaging/firing, risk assessing) in order to secure a unique performance capacity which exceeds that of all the systems working separately. Published April 2020. Doctrine VIEW 10 Jul 2020
2020 FINAL REPORT on NATO’S JOINT AIR POWER STRATEGY INTEROPERABILITY STUDY The JAPS Interoperability Study (JAPS-IS) Final Report presents the results of a two year long effort specifically focused on the area of interoperability and connectivity. Three high-level conclusions are presented. First, speed is critical. Second, lack of information sharing impedes operational effectiveness. Third, we are relearning the same lessons. Recommendations are presented in three different categories - things NATO can do now, things NATO should consider, and things Nations can do now. The document is intended to be used within the NDPP process. It was published in January 2020. Interoperability VIEW 6 Mar 2020
Defining the ‘Domain’ in Multi-Domain Article for the 2019 JAPCC Conference on MDO by Dr. Jared Donnelly and Lieutenant Commander Jon Farley. Published October 2019. Doctrine VIEW 24 Feb 2020
Accelerating Multi-Domain Operations: Evolution of an Idea From a US Army perspective, General Townsend’s article ‘Accelerating Multi-Domain Operations: Evolution of an Idea’, traces the MDO concept as having evolved from Multi-Domain Battle (MDB). As General Townsend explains, this original nomenclature led to the criticism that MDB was an Army-only concept. He also asserts that words, and their meanings are very powerful and should not be used lightly or inaccurately. Published July 2018. Doctrine VIEW 24 Feb 2020
Multi-Domain Operations – Doolittle Series 18 Paper LeMay Paper prepared by the LeMay Center for Doctrine Development and Education, and published by Air University Press. The Doolittle Series (DS18) was chartered by the Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force to explore multi-domain warfighting concepts to improve command and control of air, space, and cyberspace forces in support of dynamic and operationally agile operations. It provides observations and discussions made during a wargaming exercise. Published January 2019. Doctrine VIEW 11 Feb 2020
2019 JAPCC Conference on MDO – Proceedings This paper aims to capture key messages from the JAPCC conference, held in Essen, Germany from 8–10 October 2019. Rather than producing a chronological record of these discussions, it will introduce them thematically. The themes identified also lead to some key takeaways. The importance of the subject matter discussed caused several senior speakers to exhort the JAPCC to go beyond merely identifying key takeaways. This paper, therefore, takes the bold step of suggesting quite concrete actions for NATO – via the JAPCC – to take. Interoperability VIEW 11 Feb 2020
What is a Multi-Domain Operation? Read Ahead publication for the 2019 JAPCC Conference by Lieutenant Colonel Heiner Grest, DEU Air Force and Lieutenant Colonel Henry Heren, USA Air Force. Published October 2019. Doctrine VIEW 16 Jan 2020
Sierra Technical Services Completes Major Milestone on 5GAT Drone for the USA Department of Defense News article describing the 5GAT as a high-performance, unmanned, fighter-size aircraft that will be utilized for Air-to-Air and Surface-To-Air weapons evaluation, pilot training, and ground forces training. It is developed by Sierra Technical Services ( Published Januari 2020. Material VIEW 16 Jan 2020
Towards a Tier One Royal Air Force This report focuses on challenges the Royal Air Force should address as it develops its future plans and resource priorities. The authors offer a new force-planning construct that can guide the Royal Air Force’s future plans and resource priorities as it prepares for both the most dangerous (NATO Article V) and most likely (continued counter-terror operations) challenges it may confront over the coming years. Written by Mark Gunzinger, Jacob Cohn, Lukas Autenried, Ryan Boone. Published March 2019. Doctrine VIEW 15 Jan 2020
Preserving the Balance: A U.S. Eurasia Defense Strategy The strategy presented in this paper calls for major changes in the U.S. defense posture. Among them: shifting to more of a forward defense posture; according top priority, in deed as well as word, to the Western Pacific Theater; taking on greater risk in the European and Middle East theaters than has been the case since the Cold War's end; emphasizing new concepts of operation and a different division of labor between the United States and its allies. Written by CSBA Distinguished Senior Fellow and President Emeritus Dr. Andrew Krepinevich. Published January 2017. Doctrine VIEW 15 Jan 2020
Multi-Domain Command and Control: Maintaining Our Asymmetric Advantage JAPCC article by Major General (retired) Tim Zadalis, US Air Force. Published June 2018. Organisation VIEW 14 Nov 2019
Integrating the F-35 into Danish Defence Report by the University of Copenhagen Centre for Military Studies’ policy research services for the Danish Ministry of Defence. Published November 2018. Organisation VIEW 13 Nov 2019
Ensuring the Common Defense: The Case for Fifth Generation Airpower Mitchell Institute Policy paper by By Lt Gen David A. Deptula, USAF (Ret.), Maj Gen Lawrence A. Stutzriem, USAF (Ret.) and Heather R. Penney. Published April 2019. Material VIEW 8 Nov 2019
Restoring America’s Military Competitiveness: Mosaic Warfare Mitchell Institute Study by Lt Gen David A. Deptula, USAF (Ret.) and Heather R. Penney with Maj Gen Lawrence A. Stutzriem, USAF (Ret.) and Mark A. Gunzinger. The paper describes mosaic warfare as a force design optimized for systems warfare. Modular and scalable, a mosaic force is highly interoperable and composed of disaggregated functions that create multiple, simultaneous kill webs against emerging tar-get sets. Published September 2019. Doctrine VIEW 8 Nov 2019
A New Era for Command and Control of Aerospace Operations Senior Leader Perspective in Air & Space Power Journal by Lt Gen David A. Deptula, USAF, Retired, published July 2014. Doctrine VIEW 25 Oct 2019
European Air Group
EAG GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND DEFINITIONS SPECIFIC TO 5th GENERATION AIRCRAFT The purpose of this glossary is to have a common understanding of terminology specific to 5th Generation aircraft in all domains (Ops, Log, FP, CIS and Cyber). A formal request has been submitted to the NATO Terminology Office. Once the terminology becomes NATO Agreed Terminology it will be deleted from this glossary. The NATOTerm database can be viewed online on Interoperability VIEW 17 Sep 2019
New Perspectives for Simulation Article by Col Tanguy Benzaquen for the "Revue de la Défense Nationale". The technical nature of the Air Force demands thorough initial training that is complemented on a daily basis by operational preparation. The latter includes instruction of personnel, their in-flight training and battle preparation. Technical progress in simulation opens up new possibilities in the preparation for modern air warfare. Published June 2019. Training VIEW 16 Sep 2019
The Future Air Combat System (SCAF): A European Defence Policy That is Moving Forward Article by Éva Portier and Jean-Pascal Breton for the "Revue de la Défense Nationale". The Future air combat system of systems (SCAF) is aiming at a radical change in the pattern of use of air forces. The programme is being designed around the airmen and multiple, connected platforms. It is a demonstration of the strong will for cooperation between European partners who are determined to stay in the strategic race around the year 2040. Published June 2019. Organisation VIEW 16 Sep 2019
Air and Space Challenges for French Sovereignty and Freedom Supplement to the French "Revue de la Défense Nationale" dedicated to the future of Air and Space Power. Published for the Paris Air show 2019. Organisation VIEW 16 Sep 2019
The Future Conflict Operating Environment Out to 2030 RUSI Occasional Paper by Peter Roberts. Collection of essays about contemporary trends in war and warfare and how they will shape the actions of belligerents in future conflicts. Its conclusions have implications for the force design of Western militaries and signposts the adaptations that will need to be undertaken to meet the challenges of the next decade. Published June 2019. Doctrine VIEW 13 Sep 2019
Victory over and across Domains: Training for tomorrow’s battlefields Report by Jennifer McArdle for the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments (CSBA) that engages in a detailed analysis of current and future cyber and informationized training for the non-cyber warfighter. Published January 2019. Doctrine VIEW 30 Aug 2019
Twenty-First Century Air Power: Future Challenges and Opportunities Viewpoint by Lieutenant General David A. Deptula, USAF (Retired), published in RAF Air Power Review (page 160) on advanced technologies, new concepts of operation, organizational transformation, and the human dimension. Published autumn 2018. Doctrine VIEW 30 Aug 2019
Airpower Strategy for the 21st Century Real Clear Defense essay by Tyson Wetzel of the Unites States Marine Corps Command and Staff College. Published October 2017. Doctrine VIEW 31 Jul 2019
USAF Air Superiority 2030 Flight Plan The Chief of Staff of the US Air Force chartered the Air Superiority 2030 (AS 2030) Enterprise Capability Collaboration Team (ECCT) to develop capability options to enable joint force Air Superiority in the highly contested environment of 2030 and beyond. Published May 2016. Doctrine VIEW 31 Jul 2019
The St. Andrews Proclamation: A Pragmatic Assessment of 21st Century Airpower Mitchell Institute Policy Paper. Assessment of future conflict by Lt Gen David A. Deptula, USAF (Ret.) on how the outcome will increasingly be determined by the side better equipped and organized to gather, process, disseminate and control information. Published May 2018. Doctrine VIEW 31 Jul 2019
Investment Strategies for Improving Fifth-Generation Fighter Training RAND corporation research paper to safely and affordably train combat air force aircrews. Published in 2011. Training VIEW 31 Jul 2019
Future force philosophy: Operators grapple with the art of fifth-generation pilot training With fifth-generation aircraft now beginning to enter service in meaningful numbers, global operators are re-assessing their future flying training needs. Gareth Jennings examines the preparation underway to turn out the pilots of the future. Published in 2016. Training VIEW 31 Jul 2019
UK ASDOT programme article AIN Online article on UK ASDOT programme status. Published September 2018. Leadership VIEW 31 Jul 2019
F-35 Mission Systems Design, Development and Verification Paper by Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company that discusses the design, development and verification of the F-35 sensor suite . Published June 2018. Material VIEW 31 Jul 2019
Air Combat and Live, Virtual, Constructive training CUBIC articles and links on LVC progress and facilities. Facilities VIEW 31 Jul 2019
Manned-Unmanned Aircraft Teaming: Taking Combat Airpower to the Next Level Paper for the Mitchell Institute for Aerospace Studies by Douglas Birkey, Executive Director, Lt Gen David Deptula, USAF (Ret.) Dean, and Maj Gen Lawrence Stutzriem, USAF (Ret.). Published July 2018. Interoperability VIEW 31 Jul 2019
F-35 ALIS: Autonomic Logistics Information System Lockheed Martin information on the F-35 Logistics Information System. Facilities VIEW 31 Jul 2019
5th Generation Air C2 and ISR Fellowship Paper for the Australian Air Power Development Centre by Lieutenant-Colonel Bart A. Hoeben, NLD AF. Published in 2017. Leadership VIEW 31 Jul 2019
The Challenge of Building an Indigenous European Fifth Generation Fighter Defense.Info article by Giulia Tilenni. Published July 2018. Doctrine VIEW 31 Jul 2019
Evolving Technologies and Warfare in the 21st Century: Introducing the “Combat Cloud” Mitchell Institute policy paper by Lt Gen David A. Deptula, USAF (Ret.). Published September 2016. Doctrine VIEW 31 Jul 2019
Improving NATO Air Training – An Outlook to Future Tactical Air Training JAPCC article by Lieutenant Colonel Juan Cánovas, ESP AF. Published spring 2019. Doctrine VIEW 31 Jul 2019
F-35 Air Vehicle technology overview Description of technological enhancements by Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company. Material VIEW 29 Jul 2019
SLATE demo Article by Gina Marie Giardina, Air Force Research Laboratory on the SLATE demo which highlights live, virtual, constructive environment for pilot training. Published October 2018. Material VIEW 29 Jul 2019
Lockheed-Martin F-35 website F-35 website. Material VIEW 29 Jul 2019
Rebuilding the Forge: Reshaping how the Air Force Trains Fighter Aviators Paper on future pilot training by Gen Mike Holmes. Published January 2019. Training VIEW 29 Jul 2019
Plan Jericho: Fifth Generation Edges Paper on Plan Jericho by the Royal Australian Air Force. Organisation VIEW 29 Jul 2019
Fifth Generation Air Warfare RAAF Working Paper by Dr Peter Layton. Published June 2017. Doctrine VIEW 29 Jul 2019
Next Generation Combat Aircraft: Threat Outlook and Potential Solutions RUSI Paper by Justin Bronk. Published November 2018. Doctrine VIEW 29 Jul 2019
My Fifth Generation Post by Chris McInnes, RAAF for the Sir Richard Williams Foundation. Published December 2017. Organisation VIEW 29 Jul 2019
Fifth Generation Air Force Royal Australian Air Force website. Organisation VIEW 29 Jul 2019
2018 UK Combat Air Strategy: An ambitious vision for the future UK Policy Paper that defines a clear way ahead to preserve the GBR national advantage and maintain choice in how it is delivered. Published July 2018. Doctrine VIEW 29 Jul 2019
Fifth Generation Air Combat, Maintaining the Joint Force Advantage JAPCC article by Major General Jeff Harrigian, USA AF and Colonel Max Marosko, USA AF. Published spring 2017. Doctrine VIEW 29 Jul 2019
The Challenges of Fifth-Generation Transformation JAPCC article by Wing Commander André Adamson, GBR AF and Colonel Matthew Snyder, USA AF. Published spring 2018. Doctrine VIEW 29 Jul 2019
2018 NATO Joint Air Power Strategy NATO Joint Air Power (JAP) plays a key role in supporting the accomplishment of NATO's three core tasks - Collective Defence, Crisis Management and Cooperative Security. A balanced and innovative approach to JAP, that understands, accepts and mitigates risks, will provide a coherent military capacity, enhancing the development of a credible and flexible NATO posture. Doctrine VIEW 29 Jul 2019
2018 NATO Framework for Future Alliance Operations NATO needs to continuously and simultaneously operate and adapt to remain fit-forpurpose, now and through the foreseeable future. To that end, the Framework for Future Alliance Operations (FFAO) advises NATO Nations and Partner Nations on both Warfighting and Warfare Development. Doctrine VIEW 29 Jul 2019
2017 NATO ACT Strategic Foresight Analysis The Strategic Foresight Analysis (SFA) 2017 Report aims to support NATO leadership’s visualization of the future security environment, which is characterized by a rapid rate of change, complexity, uncertainty and interconnectedness. Doctrine VIEW 29 Jul 2019